Pythagorion Museum ( Pythagorion)
The newest Museum of the island , opened in the year 2011 . It is housed in a new modern building just few hundred meters from the bus station . It contains finds from many periods: grave reliefs from the 6th century B.C, solemn capitals, statues (including three outstanding Archaic ones), Romans busts, marble plaques with epigrams of salutes to dead, many marble columns and go on.

Palaeontological museum ( Mytilini)
Unique in Greece, with quite a collection of relics from the far-off past. A huge graveyard of enormous pre-historic beasts has been discovered near here, containing the bones of many animals clearly recognisable as forerunners of today’s wild and domestic life. Palaeontologists have named one of these animals Samotherion, after the island. It was a kind of giant giraffe. Bones have also been found of the Samos pygmy horse (with three toes on each foot), arhoniceros head with fearful jaws and sharp teeth, the shoulder-blade of an elephant, tiger teeth and bones, and remnants of lions, wolves and hyenas.

Archaeological Museum ( Samos Town)
Samos Museum is regarded as being one of the most interesting provincial museums in Greece. The museum contains the marble sculpture of “Kouros” (male youth) which is 5.5 meters high and the largest statue of “Kouros” in Greece.There are exhibits from the Archaic Period, a large number of pieces of sculpture from the 5th, 6th and 7th centuries B.C, kores and kouroi ( above life-size), sarcophagi, Ionian columns and much more. Also included in the collection are pieces from the Hellenistic period, such as statues (above life size, again), grave relics and votive offerings. The upper floor contains chiefly finds from the German excavations at the Heraion, including sculptures from the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman periods, Geometric, Archaic and Classical pottery, bronze, ivory, and wood statuettes and artefacts from the Geometric and Archaic ages, pottery from Rhodes and Laconia, statuettes and vessels from Cyprus, statuettes from Egypt, Persia and Assyria, pre-historic vessels from the Heraion, funeral gifts from the Mycenean grave in the village of Myli, etc.

Wine Museum (Samos)
The Samos’ wine museum, was inaugurated in the summer of 2005 . The space housing the museum was initially a privately-owned winery and, later, the Samos Wine Union’s cellar/warehouse and cooperage. The building itself is a “living” exhibit, with huge wooden casks from the early 20th century still in mint condition, although not in actual use. Traditional wine making, its tools, its vats and tubs and its chemistry equipment, even the art of fashioning a barrel come to life through exhibits that spin visitors back into remote fragments of centennial time. Documents, prizes and awards, bottles of wine, photographs, desk mementos and objects all contribute to complete the historic puzzle. An ingenious simulation depicting the cultivation of grape vines on their steep terraced perches (as it is customary on the island) from the moment they take root to the moment they are tenderly picked excites the imagination of visitors who may then wish to visit the two cellars, one reserved for barrels, the other for bottles of wine.

Byzantine Museum (Samos)
There are rare displays relics of Christian civilization and art such as manuscripts, letters and bulls from the patriarchal, holly ecclesiastic items and the vestments of eminent Head Priests, such as the cloak of the national martyr Patriarch Gregory V.